Brexit Withdrawal Agreement International Law

Editor`s Note: This article is part of our series on Internal Market Law and its Impact on International Law. You can read Kieron Beal`s first play here. The UK government insists that its proposed legislation, which would end part of the Brexit divorce deal – which is contrary to international law – is an “insurance policy”. She crossed her first parliamentary hurdle on Monday. This “invisible border” posed no problem, while the UK remained a member of the EU, but Brexit meant that Northern Ireland had to leave the EU while Ireland remained a member state and demanded new solutions to reconcile the divergent interests of all parties. The compromise was reached thanks to the Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (NI Protocol), which avoided a hard border in Ireland and ensured the continued application of the Good Friday Agreement. In order to circumvent the need for customs controls for goods moving within the island of Ireland, Northern Ireland has been effectively integrated into the EU Customs Union in order to preserve the integrity of the internal market and within the framework of the UK customs territory. According to the agreement, all necessary customs controls or controls and the payment of customs duties between Northern Ireland and Great Britain (the rest of the United Kingdom) would take place where appropriate. Article 10 of the NI Protocol also provides that the United Kingdom agrees to the continued application of EU State aid rules in Northern Ireland in order to avoid distortions of competition with Ireland. This exact wording, adopted by the British minister, could be linked to the claim of any EU claim that the UK . . .

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