Geneva Conference Agreements

The Geneva Conference, which aimed to resolve the outstanding issues of the Korean War and the First Indochina War, was a conference attended by several nations and was held in Geneva from 26 April to 20 July 1954. [1] [2] [3] The korean conference portion ended without acceptance of statements or proposals, so it is generally considered less relevant. However, the Geneva Agreements, which aimed to dismantle French Indochina, have long-term effects. The disintegration of the French Empire in Southeast Asia led to the constitution of the states of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (north of Vietnam), the State of Vietnam (the future Republic of Vietnam, south of Vietnam), the Kingdom of Cambodia and the Kingdom of Laos. The Eisenhower administration had considered airstrikes to help the French at Dien Bien Phu, but was unable to secure the commitment of a united action by important allies such as the United Kingdom. Eisenhower was cautious about being dragged into “another Korea” that would be deeply unpopular with American public opinion. U.S. domestic policy considerations strongly influenced the country`s position in Geneva. [551-3 Columnist Walter Lippmann wrote on April 29 that the American position in Geneva is impossible as long as the main Republican senators have no conditions for peace, other than the unconditional surrender of the enemy and unconditionally to go to war, except as a collective action in which no one wants to participate now. [5]:554 At the time of the conference, the United States did not recognize the People`s Republic of China. Anti-communist John Foster Dulles banned all contact with the Chinese delegation and refused to shake hands with Zhou Enlai, China`s chief negotiator.

[5]555 Bidault opened the conference on 8 May by proposing to end hostilities, implement a ceasefire, free the prisoners and disarm the Irish, despite the French surrender at Dien Bien Phu the previous day in north-west Vietnam. [5]:559-60 The conference took place on 26 April 1954 at the People`s Palace in Geneva.

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